April 10, 2020
What You Need To Know About CBG
What Is CBG and Where Does It Come From? First discovered over 50 years ago in Israel, CBG’s official name is cannabigerol. It really is quite fascinating. Like CBD, it is non-psychoactive, meaning it does not produce the high that marijuana’s THC does. But unlike CBD, hundreds of cannabinoids are derived from it. In
fact, CBG is often referred to as the “mother cannabinoid” because all cannabinoids begin as CBG(A) (A = acid). As the hemp plant matures, this CBG(A) converts into THC, CBD and CBC (another cannabinoid). Yep, THC and CBD only exist because of CBG.
While CBG is an origin cannabinoid, the mother of all cannabinoids, it is actually considered a minor cannabinoid because in most hemp plants, it only accounts for about 1% of all cannabinoids. That is slowly changing, as researchers and geneticists are testing, breeding and developing genetically superior hemp plants that contain up to 20% CBG – yet still be in compliance with THC levels of 0.3% -- and that can prove to be a game changer, as we’ll see in a minute.
Because of this extremely low percentage, it takes thousands of pounds of biomass to produce a small amount of CBG isolate. CBG is more difficult to produce. Focusing on CBG has been problematic and frankly, prohibitive for farmers because in order to produce CBG, they would have to harvest early, before the CBG diverts to the other cannabinoids. This timeframe has been pinpointed by researchers to be at the six week mark in an eight week flowering cycle. Waiting much longer, and CBG levels drop every day the plant remains in the ground. We’ve talked about this maturing time in a previous article, and usually farmers have to focus on the balance of concentrated CBD vs. rising THC levels. But in the case of CBG, as the plant matures, the CBG is converted to cannabinoids such as CBD, THC and CBC. This is leading farmers to have to make a choice to harvest early to extract the more expensive CBG or keep their crops in the ground until they reach full maturity and harvest for CBD and other products.
At this point, CBG is the most expensive cannabinoid to produce, leading many to refer to it as the “Rolls Royce of cannabinoids.”
THC testing still needs to take place to ensure levels are within legal limits (0.3%).
As if the timing of the harvest isn’t enough of a concern, CBG extraction is very expensive because it requires more specialized equipment using very precise chromatography to isolate and purify the extraction. It can be extracted by two methods. CO2 extraction is the method most favored because the result is a purer product. Ethanol extraction is more expensive and time consuming. There is now a new method that has been developed within the last four years that purifies without using chromatographic techniques and is more cost effective than the other methods of extraction. It is also a more environmentally friendly form of extraction, which could enable CBG production to scale more rapidly.
Now that we know what CBG is and where it comes from, let’s take a look at why it’s becoming the darling of the hemp and natural remedy world.
CBG has similar properties to the wildly popular CBD, but is actually even stronger and more effective. Many researchers are claiming that CBG is a better anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-anxiety reliever than CBD or even marijuana, without the paranoia or drowsiness side effects. Because it is newer to the market, it has not yet been studied as extensively as CBD, but that will likely change in the coming years.
It breaks down like this. CBG works with our body’s own endocannabinoid system. This is a complex network of receptors in organs, tissues and neural networks in the body. Our endocannabinoid system reacts to endocannabinoids that our own bodies produce (yep, we make our own), as well as those introduced into the body by things like CBD or THC. This triggers response receptors in our immune system, central nervous system and other systems that promote balance within our body (homeostasis, it’s what keeps us in tune). Think, pain, sleep, mood, and digestion. Cannabinoids bind to the receptors. There is direct interaction with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our brain.
What we know so far shows promising therapeutic benefits of CBG: Powerful anti-bacterial Powerful anti-inflammatory Regulates mood Mitigates disease-related pain Helps reduce inflammation (including gastrointestinal) Better pain management (including from fibromyalgia, arthritis, migraines) Eases mental issues like anxiety and stress, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder Relieves symptoms of neurological diseases like Parkinson’s Controls pressure from glaucoma Promotes bone growth Slows bacterial growth Inhibits cancer cell growth Inhibits muscle contractions Inhibits tumor growths Kills drug resistant bacteria Helps clear up psoriasis and eczema
We do know it increases dopamine in the body, which helps regulate mood, sleep and appetite.
CBG is most effective when taken sublingually (held under the tongue), 5-10 mg of tincture at a time. It is mainly available as an isolate (powder, crystal or oil), but not as an edible, tincture or topical – if you want CBG in one of those products, you have the option to mix it in yourself. It is safe in small, therapeutic doses, but larger doses can result in drowsiness or digestive upset.
Keep in mind, all this is still in the early days, comparatively. The list above is a compilation of what early research is indicating and what users are experiencing. Side effects are relatively unknown at this point, as is how it interacts (if at all) with other medications, vitamins and supplements. Individuals need to do some of their own leg work and talk with their doctors rather than doing any self-treatment. CBG may affect how the body metabolizes different medications, but that’s likely something we’ll learn more about in the coming years.
Like CBD, CBG is not regulated by the FDA, so it will be as important to find the highest quality product, and look for third-party testing results.
CBG is a promising potential new revenue stream for farmers and manufacturers who to this point have concentrated on CBD. As more research is done, consumer demand increases and geneticists develop hemp seeds with a higher CBG concentration, we’ll likely see CBG prices fall, as has happened with CBD (as it requires far less biomass for extraction)
If you are interested in sourcing high-concentrate CBG seeds or CBG isolate for resale, contact us today. We will tap into our extensive network to connect you with just the right resource for your needs.
The WherezHemp qualified consultants are standing by to help build your hemp or CBD business in any way we can. Adding CBG to your offering will put you ahead of your competition and give you an advantage in a changing landscape. Our goal is to help you succeed and ease any concerns or uncertainty as you navigate the hemp and CBD landscape. As an added bonus, you can be a part of our nationwide network and receive the benefits that come with connecting with the top hemp and CBD (and CBG) professionals in the country.